GSP
Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Support
Contact Us
Online Help
Handbooks
Domain Status
Man Pages

FAQ
Virtual Servers
Pricing
Billing
Technical

Network
Facilities
Connectivity
Topology Map

Miscellaneous
Server Agreement
Year 2038
Credits
 

USA Flag

 

 

Man Pages
XML::DT(3) User Contributed Perl Documentation XML::DT(3)
 

XML::DT - a package for down translation of XML files

 use XML::DT;
 %xml=( 'music'    => sub{"Music from: $c\n"},
        'lyrics'   => sub{"Lyrics from: $v{name}\n"},
        'title'    => sub{ uc($c) },
        '-userdata => { something => 'I like' },
        '-default' => sub{"$q:$c"} );
 print dt($filename,%xml);

This module is a XML down processor. It maps tag (element) names to functions to process that element and respective contents.

This module processes XML files with an approach similar to OMNIMARK. As XML parser it uses XML::LibXML module in an independent way.
You can parse HTML files as if they were XML files. For this, you must supply an extra option to the hash:
 %hander = ( -html => 1,
             ...
           );
You can also ask the parser to recover from XML errors:
 %hander = ( -recover => 1,
             ...
           );

Down translation function "dt" receives a filename and a set of expressions (functions) defining the processing and associated values for each element.

"dtstring" works in a similar way with "dt" but takes input from a string instead of a file.

"dturl" works in a similar way with "dt" but takes input from an Internet url instead of a file.

The "pathdt" function is a "dt" function which can handle a subset of XPath on handler keys. Example:
 %handler = (
   "article/title"        => sub{ toxml("h1",{},$c) },
   "section/title"        => sub{ toxml("h2",{},$c) },
   "title"                => sub{ $c },
   "//image[@type='jpg']" => sub{ "JPEG: <img src=\"$c\">" },
   "//image[@type='bmp']" => sub{ "BMP: sorry, no bitmaps on the web" },
 )
 pathdt($filename, %handler);
Here are some examples of valid XPath expressions under XML::DT:
 /aaa
 /aaa/bbb
 //ccc                           - ccc somewhere (same as "ccc")
 /*/aaa/*
 //*                             - same as "-default"
 /aaa[@id]                       - aaa with an attribute id
 /*[@*]                          - root with an attribute
 /aaa[not(@name)]                - aaa with no attribute "name"
 //bbb[@name='foo']              - ... attribute "name" = "foo"
 /ccc[normalize-space(@name)='bbb']
 //*[name()='bbb']               - complex way of saying "//bbb"
 //*[starts-with(name(),'aa')]   - an element named "aa.*"
 //*[contains(name(),'c')]       - an element       ".*c.*"
 //aaa[string-length(name())=4]                     "...."
 //aaa[string-length(name())&lt;4]                  ".{1,4}"
 //aaa[string-length(name())&gt;5]                  ".{5,}"
Note that not all XPath is currently handled by XML::DT. A lot of XPath will never be added to XML::DT because is not in accordance with the down translation model. For more documentation about XPath check the specification at http://www.w3c.org or some tutorials under http://www.zvon.org

Like the "dtstring" function but supporting XPath.

Like the "dturl" function but supporting XPath.

Returns the context element of the currently being processed element. So, if you call ctxt(1) you will get your father element, and so on.

"inpath(pattern)" is true if the actual element path matches the provided pattern. This function is meant to be used in the element functions in order to achieve context dependent processing.

"inctxt(pattern)" is true if the actual element father matches the provided pattern.

This is the default "-default" function. It can be used to generate XML based on $c $q and %v variables. Example: add a new attribute to element "ele1" without changing it:
   %handler=( ...
     ele1 => sub { $v{at1} = "v1"; toxml(); },
   )
"toxml" can also be used with 3 arguments: tag, attributes and contents
   toxml("a",{href=> "http://local/f.html"}, "example")
returns:
 <a href='http://local/f.html'>example</a>
Empty tags are written as empty tags. If you want an empty tag with opening and closing tags, then use the "tohtml".

See "toxml".

This simple function just makes a HASH reference:
 { -c => $c, -q => $q, all_the_other_attributes }
The function "toxml" understands this structure and makes XML with it.

Used by the mkdtskel script to generate automatically a XML::DT perl script file based on an XML file. Check "mkdtskel" manpage for details.

Used by the mkdtskel script to generate automatically a XML::DT perl script file based on an DTD file. Check "mkdtskel" manpage for details.

Used by the mkdtskel script to generate automatically a XML::DT perl script file based on a DTD file. Check "mkdtdskel" manpage for details.

With XML::DT you can access an element parent (or grand-parent) attributes, till the root of the XML document.
If you use c<$dtattributes[1]{foo} = 'bar'> on a processing function, you are defining the attribute "foo" for that element parent.
In the same way, you can use $dtattributes[2] to access the grand-parent. $dtattributes[-1] is, as expected, the XML document root element.
There are some shortcuts:
"father"
"gfather"
"ggfather"
You can use these functions to access to your "father", grand-father ("gfather") or great-grand-father ("ggfather"):
   father("x"); # returns value for attribute "x" on father element
   father("x", "value"); # sets value for attribute "x" on father
                                 # element
    
You can also use it directly as a reference to @dtattributes:
   father->{"x"};           # gets the attribute
   father->{"x"} = "value"; # sets the attribute
   $attributes = father;            # gets all attributes reference
    
"root"
You can use it as a function to access to your tree root element.
   root("x");          # gets attribute C<x> on root element
   root("x", "value"); # sets value for attribute C<x> on root
    
You can also use it directly as a reference to $dtattributes[-1]:
   root->{"x"};           # gets the attribute x
   root->{"x"} = "value"; # sets the attribute x
   $attributes = root;    # gets all attributes reference
    

The user must provide an HASH with a function for each element, that computes element output. Functions can use the element name $q, the element content $c and the attribute values hash %v.
All those global variables are defined in $CALLER::.
Each time an element is find the associated function is called.
Content is calculated by concatenation of element contents strings and interior elements return values.

When a element has no associated function, the function associated with "-default" called. If no "-default" function is defined the default function returns a XML like string for the element.
When you use "/-type" definitions, you often need do set "-default" function to return just the contents: "sub{$c}".

"-outputenc" defines the output encoding (default is Unicode UTF8).

"-inputenc" forces a input encoding type. Whenever that is possible, define the input encoding in the XML file:
 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='ISO-8859-1'?>

"-pcdata" function is used to define transformation over the contents. Typically this function should look at context (see "inctxt" function)
The default "-pcdata" function is the identity

You can process "<CDATA"> in a way different from pcdata. If you define a "-cdata" method, it will be used. Otherwise, the "-pcdata" method is called.

Function to be executed before processing XML file.
Example of use: initialization of side-effect variables

Function to be executed after processing XML file. I can use $c content value. The value returned by "-end" will be the "dt" return value.
Example of use: post-processing of returned contents

If set, the parser will try to recover in XML errors.

If set, the parser will try to recover in errors. Note that this differs from the previous one in the sense it uses some knowledge of the HTML structure for the recovery.

Use this to pass any information you like to your handlers. The data structure you pass in this option will be available as $u in your code. -- New in 0.62.

By default all elements return strings, and contents ($c) is the concatenation of the strings returned by the sub-elements.
In some situations the XML text contains values that are better processed as a structured type.
The following types (functors) are available:
THE_CHILD
Return the result of processing the only child of the element.
LAST_CHILD
Returns the result of processing the last child of the element.
STR
concatenates all the sub-elements returned values (DEFAULT) all the sub-element should return strings to be concatenated;
SEQ
makes an ARRAY with all the sub elements contents; attributes are ignored (they should be processed in the sub-element). (returns a ref) If you have different types of sub-elements, you should use SEQH
SEQH
makes an ARRAY of HASH with all the sub elements (returns a ref); for each sub-element:
 -q  => element name
 -c  => contents
 at1 => at value1    for each attribute
    
MAP
makes an HASH with the sub elements; keys are the sub-element names, values are their contents. Attributes are ignored. (they should be processed in the sub-element) (returns a ref)
MULTIMAP
makes an HASH of ARRAY; keys are the sub-element names; values are lists of contents; attributes are ignored (they should be processed in the sub-element); (returns a ref)
MMAPON(element-list)
makes an HASH with the sub-elements; keys are the sub-element names, values are their contents; attributes are ignored (they should be processed in the sub-element); for all the elements contained in the element-list, it is created an ARRAY with their contents. (returns a ref)
XML
return a reference to an HASH with:
 -q  => element name
 -c  => contents
 at1 => at value1    for each attribute
    
ZERO
don't process the sub-elements; return ""
When you use "/-type" definitions, you often need do set "-default" function returning just the contents "sub{$id}".

 use XML::DT;
 %handler = ( contacts => sub{ [ split(";",$c)] },
              -default => sub{$c},
              -type    => { institution => 'MAP',
                            degrees     =>  MMAPON('name')
                            tels        => 'SEQ' }
            );
 $a = dt ("f.xml", %handler);
with the following f.xml
 <degrees>
    <institution>
       <id>U.M.</id>
       <name>University of Minho</name>
       <tels>
          <item>1111</item>
          <item>1112</item>
          <item>1113</item>
       </tels>
       <where>Portugal</where>
       <contacts>J.Joao; J.Rocha; J.Ramalho</contacts>
    </institution>
    <name>Computer science</name>
    <name>Informatica </name>
    <name> history </name>
 </degrees>
would make $a
 { 'name' => [ 'Computer science',
               'Informatica ',
               ' history ' ],
   'institution' => { 'tels' => [ 1111, 1112, 1113 ],
                      'name' => 'University of Minho',
                      'where' => 'Portugal',
                      'id' => 'U.M.',
                      'contacts' => [ 'J.Joao',
                               ' J.Rocha',
                               ' J.Ramalho' ] } };

It is possible to build an initial processor program based on an example
To do this use the function "mkdtskel(filename)".
Example:
 perl -MXML::DT -e 'mkdtskel "f.xml"' > f.pl

It makes a naive DTD based on an example(s).
To do this use the function "mkdtdskel(filename*)".
Example:
 perl -MXML::DT -e 'mkdtdskel "f.xml"' > f.dtd

mkdtskel(1) and mkdtdskel(1)

Home for XML::DT;
http://natura.di.uminho.pt/~jj/perl/XML/
Jose Joao Almeida, <jj@di.uminho.pt>
Alberto Manuel Simões, <albie@alfarrabio.di.uminho.pt>

Michel Rodriguez <mrodrigu@ieee.org>
José Carlos Ramalho <jcr@di.uminho.pt>
Mark A. Hillebrand

Copyright 1999-2012 Project Natura.
This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.
2015-09-29 perl v5.28.1

Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 3 |  Main Index

Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with ManDoc.