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CK_HT_INIT(3) FreeBSD Library Functions Manual CK_HT_INIT(3)

initialize a hash table

Concurrency Kit (libck, -lck)

#include <ck_ht.h>

typedef void
ck_ht_hash_cb_t(ck_ht_hash_t *h, const void *key, size_t key_length, uint64_t seed);

ck_ht_init(ck_ht_t *ht, enum ck_ht_mode mode, ck_ht_hash_cb_t *hash_function, struct ck_malloc *allocator, uint64_t capacity, uint64_t seed);

The ck_ht_init() function initializes the hash table pointed to by the ht pointer.

The argument mode specifies the type of key-value pairs to be stored in the hash table. The value of mode may be one of:

The hash table is meant to store key-value pointers where key is a region of memory that is up to 65536 bytes long. This pointer will be dereferenced during hash table operations for key comparison. Entries of this hash table are expected to be interacted with using the ck_ht_entry_empty(3), ck_ht_entry_key(3), ck_ht_entry_key_length(3), ck_ht_entry_value(3), and ck_ht_entry_set(3) functions. Attempting a hash table operation with a key of value NULL or (void *)UINTPTR_MAX will result in undefined behavior.
The hash table is meant to store key-value pointers where the key is of fixed width field compatible with the uintptr_t type. The key will be directly compared with other keys for equality. Entries of this hash table are expected to be interacted with using the ck_ht_entry_empty(3), ck_ht_entry_key_direct(3), ck_ht_entry_value_direct(3) and ck_ht_entry_set_direct(3) functions. Attempting a hash table operation with a key of value of 0 or UINTPTR_MAX will result in undefined behavior.

In addition to this, the user may bitwise OR the mode flag with CK_HT_WORKLOAD_DELETE to indicate that the hash table will have to handle a delete heavy workload, in which case stronger bounds on latency can be provided at the cost of approximately 13% higher memory usage. The argument hash_function is a pointer to a user-specified hash function. It is optional, if NULL is specified, then the default hash function implementation will be used ( ck_ht_hash(3) ). A user-specified hash function takes four arguments. The h argument is a pointer to a hash value object. The hash function is expected to update the value object of type uint64_t contained with-in the object pointed to by h. The key argument is a pointer to a key, the key_length argument is the length of the key and the seed argument is the initial seed associated with the hash table. This initial seed is specified by the user in ck_ht_init(3).

The allocator argument is a pointer to a structure containing malloc and free function pointers which respectively define the memory allocation and destruction functions to be used by the hash table being initialized.

The argument capacity represents the initial number of key-value pairs the hash table is expected to contain. This argument is simply a hint and the underlying implementation is free to allocate more or less memory than necessary to contain the number of entries capacity specifies.

The argument seed specifies the initial seed used by the underlying hash function. The user is free to choose a value of their choice.

The hash table is safe to access by multiple readers in the presence of one concurrent writer. Behavior is undefined in the presence of concurrent writers.

Upon successful completion ck_ht_init() returns a value of true and otherwise returns a value of false to indicate an error.

The behavior of ck_ht_init() is undefined if ht is not a pointer to a ck_ht_t object.

ck_ht_stat(3), ck_ht_destroy(3), ck_ht_hash(3), ck_ht_hash_direct(3), ck_ht_set_spmc(3), ck_ht_put_spmc(3), ck_ht_gc(3), ck_ht_get_spmc(3), ck_ht_grow_spmc(3), ck_ht_remove_spmc(3), ck_ht_reset_spmc(3), ck_ht_reset_size_spmc(3), ck_ht_count(3), ck_ht_entry_empty(3), ck_ht_entry_key_set(3), ck_ht_entry_key_set_direct(3), ck_ht_entry_key(3), ck_ht_entry_key_length(3), ck_ht_entry_value(3), ck_ht_entry_set(3), ck_ht_entry_set_direct(3), ck_ht_entry_key_direct(3), ck_ht_entry_value_direct(3), ck_ht_iterator_init(3), ck_ht_next(3)

Additional information available at

March 28, 2012

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