
NAMEzhesvx.f SYNOPSISFunctions/Subroutinessubroutine zhesvx (FACT, UPLO, N, NRHS, A, LDA, AF, LDAF, IPIV, B, LDB, X, LDX, RCOND, FERR, BERR, WORK, LWORK, RWORK, INFO) Function/Subroutine Documentationsubroutine zhesvx (characterFACT, characterUPLO, integerN, integerNRHS, complex*16, dimension( lda, * )A, integerLDA, complex*16, dimension( ldaf, * )AF, integerLDAF, integer, dimension( * )IPIV, complex*16, dimension( ldb, * )B, integerLDB, complex*16, dimension( ldx, * )X, integerLDX, double precisionRCOND, double precision, dimension( * )FERR, double precision, dimension( * )BERR, complex*16, dimension( * )WORK, integerLWORK, double precision, dimension( * )RWORK, integerINFO)ZHESVX computes the solution to system of linear equations A * X = B for HE matrices Purpose:ZHESVX uses the diagonal pivoting factorization to compute the solution to a complex system of linear equations A * X = B, where A is an NbyN Hermitian matrix and X and B are NbyNRHS matrices. Error bounds on the solution and a condition estimate are also provided. The following steps are performed: 1. If FACT = 'N', the diagonal pivoting method is used to factor A. The form of the factorization is A = U * D * U**H, if UPLO = 'U', or A = L * D * L**H, if UPLO = 'L', where U (or L) is a product of permutation and unit upper (lower) triangular matrices, and D is Hermitian and block diagonal with 1by1 and 2by2 diagonal blocks. 2. If some D(i,i)=0, so that D is exactly singular, then the routine returns with INFO = i. Otherwise, the factored form of A is used to estimate the condition number of the matrix A. If the reciprocal of the condition number is less than machine precision, INFO = N+1 is returned as a warning, but the routine still goes on to solve for X and compute error bounds as described below. 3. The system of equations is solved for X using the factored form of A. 4. Iterative refinement is applied to improve the computed solution matrix and calculate error bounds and backward error estimates for it. FACT
Author:
FACT is CHARACTER*1 Specifies whether or not the factored form of A has been supplied on entry. = 'F': On entry, AF and IPIV contain the factored form of A. A, AF and IPIV will not be modified. = 'N': The matrix A will be copied to AF and factored.UPLO UPLO is CHARACTER*1 = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored.N N is INTEGER The number of linear equations, i.e., the order of the matrix A. N >= 0.NRHS NRHS is INTEGER The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns of the matrices B and X. NRHS >= 0.A A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N) The Hermitian matrix A. If UPLO = 'U', the leading NbyN upper triangular part of A contains the upper triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly lower triangular part of A is not referenced. If UPLO = 'L', the leading NbyN lower triangular part of A contains the lower triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly upper triangular part of A is not referenced.LDA LDA is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N).AF AF is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDAF,N) If FACT = 'F', then AF is an input argument and on entry contains the block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used to obtain the factor U or L from the factorization A = U*D*U**H or A = L*D*L**H as computed by ZHETRF. If FACT = 'N', then AF is an output argument and on exit returns the block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used to obtain the factor U or L from the factorization A = U*D*U**H or A = L*D*L**H.LDAF LDAF is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array AF. LDAF >= max(1,N).IPIV IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N) If FACT = 'F', then IPIV is an input argument and on entry contains details of the interchanges and the block structure of D, as determined by ZHETRF. If IPIV(k) > 0, then rows and columns k and IPIV(k) were interchanged and D(k,k) is a 1by1 diagonal block. If UPLO = 'U' and IPIV(k) = IPIV(k1) < 0, then rows and columns k1 and IPIV(k) were interchanged and D(k1:k,k1:k) is a 2by2 diagonal block. If UPLO = 'L' and IPIV(k) = IPIV(k+1) < 0, then rows and columns k+1 and IPIV(k) were interchanged and D(k:k+1,k:k+1) is a 2by2 diagonal block. If FACT = 'N', then IPIV is an output argument and on exit contains details of the interchanges and the block structure of D, as determined by ZHETRF.B B is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) The NbyNRHS right hand side matrix B.LDB LDB is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N).X X is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDX,NRHS) If INFO = 0 or INFO = N+1, the NbyNRHS solution matrix X.LDX LDX is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array X. LDX >= max(1,N).RCOND RCOND is DOUBLE PRECISION The estimate of the reciprocal condition number of the matrix A. If RCOND is less than the machine precision (in particular, if RCOND = 0), the matrix is singular to working precision. This condition is indicated by a return code of INFO > 0.FERR FERR is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS) The estimated forward error bound for each solution vector X(j) (the jth column of the solution matrix X). If XTRUE is the true solution corresponding to X(j), FERR(j) is an estimated upper bound for the magnitude of the largest element in (X(j)  XTRUE) divided by the magnitude of the largest element in X(j). The estimate is as reliable as the estimate for RCOND, and is almost always a slight overestimate of the true error.BERR BERR is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS) The componentwise relative backward error of each solution vector X(j) (i.e., the smallest relative change in any element of A or B that makes X(j) an exact solution).WORK WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)) On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.LWORK LWORK is INTEGER The length of WORK. LWORK >= max(1,2*N), and for best performance, when FACT = 'N', LWORK >= max(1,2*N,N*NB), where NB is the optimal blocksize for ZHETRF. If LWORK = 1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.RWORK RWORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N)INFO INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = i, the ith argument had an illegal value > 0: if INFO = i, and i is <= N: D(i,i) is exactly zero. The factorization has been completed but the factor D is exactly singular, so the solution and error bounds could not be computed. RCOND = 0 is returned. = N+1: D is nonsingular, but RCOND is less than machine precision, meaning that the matrix is singular to working precision. Nevertheless, the solution and error bounds are computed because there are a number of situations where the computed solution can be more accurate than the value of RCOND would suggest. Univ. of Tennessee
Univ. of California Berkeley
Univ. of Colorado Denver
NAG Ltd.
Date:
April 2012
Definition at line 284 of file zhesvx.f.
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