Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Contact Us
Online Help
Domain Status
Man Pages

Virtual Servers

Topology Map

Server Agreement
Year 2038

USA Flag



Man Pages
IPMI(4) FreeBSD Kernel Interfaces Manual IPMI(4)

OpenIPMI compatible IPMI interface driver

device ipmi

To manually specify I/O attachment in /boot/device.hints:"isa"

To manually specify memory attachment in /boot/device.hints:"isa"

Meaning of spacing:

8 bit alignment
16 bit alignment
32 bit alignment

If the port and spacing are not specified the interface type default will be used. Only specify either the port for I/O access or maddr for memory access.

The IPMI (Intelligent Platform Management Interface) is a standard for monitoring system hardware by permitting generic code to detect and monitor the sensors in a system. The IPMI standard offers watchdog support, an FRU database, and other support extensions. It is currently being adopted by the makers of many single board and embedded system manufacturers.

The ipmi driver in FreeBSD is heavily adopted from the standard and Linux driver; however, not all features described in the standard are supported.

The ipmi driver implements the power cycling option to shutdown(8) to implement power cycling of the system. The motherboard's BMC must support the chassis device and the optional power cycle subcomand of the chassis control command as described in section 28.3 of the IPMI standard. The length of time the system is off will be at least one second, but may be longer if the power cycle interval has been set (see section 28.9).

Sending and receiving messages through the ipmi driver requires the use of ioctl(2). The ioctls are used due to the complexity of data sent to and from the device. The ioctl(2) command codes below are defined in <sys/ipmi.h>. The third argument to ioctl(2) should be a pointer to the type indicated.

Currently the following ioctls are supported:

(struct ipmi_recv)
Receive a message. Possible error values:
No messages are in the process queue.
An address supplied was invalid.
The address could not fit in the message buffer and will remain in the buffer.
(struct ipmi_recv)
Like IPMICTL_RECEIVE_MSG but if the message cannot fit into the buffer, it will truncate the contents instead of leaving the data in the buffer.
(struct ipmi_req)
Send a message to the interface. Possible error values:
An address supplied was invalid.
Buffers could not be allowed for the command, out of memory.
(unsigned int)
Set the slave address for source messages.
(unsigned int)
Get the slave address for source messages.
(unsigned int)
Set the slave LUN for source messages.
(unsigned int)
Get the slave LUN for source messages.

(struct ipmi_cmdspec)
Register to receive a specific command. Possible error values:
An supplied address was invalid.
The network function/command is already in use.
Could not allocate memory.
(struct ipmi_cmdspec)
Unregister to receive a specific command. Possible error values:
An address supplied was invalid.
The network function/command was not found.

Set whether this interface receives events. Possible error values:
An address supplied was invalid.

ioctl(2), watchdog(4), reboot(8), shutdown(8), watchdog(8), watchdogd(8), watchdog(9)

The ipmi driver first appeared in FreeBSD 6.2.

The ipmi driver was written by Doug Ambrisko <>. This manual page was written by Tom Rhodes <>.

Not all features of the MontaVista driver are supported.

Currently, IPMB and BT modes are not implemented.

October 25, 2017 FreeBSD 13.1-RELEASE

Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 4 |  Main Index

Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with ManDoc.