VHDL behavioural subset.
See the file man1/alc_origin.1.
This document describes the ALLIANCE VHDL subset for behavioural data flow
In a data flow architecture only concurrent statements (except process
are supported. All sequential statements including loops, signal assignment,
etc .. are to be banished.
Allowed concurrent statements are:
simple signal assignment
conditional signal assignment
selected signal assignment
concurrent assert statement
When using concurrent statements, an ordinary signal can be assigned only once.
The value of the signal must be explicitly defined by the signal assignment
(for example, in a selected signal assignment the value of the target signal
is to be defined for every
value that the select expression can take).
The above constraint may be felt as a hard restriction when designing
distributed controled hardware (precharged line, distributed multiplexer, etc
...). To hurdle this, VHDL uses a special feature: guarded-resolved signals.
A resolved signal is a signal declared with a resolved subtype (see vhdl(5)). A
resolved subtype is a type combined with a resolution function. A resolved
signal can be assigned by multiple signal assignments. Depending on the value
of each driver, the resolution function determines the effective value of the
A guarded signal is a resolved signal with drivers that can be disconected. A
guarded signal must be assigned inside a block
statement through a
A distributed multiplexer may be described as :
signal Distributed_Mux : mux_bit bus;
first_driver_of_mux : block (Sel1 = '1')
Distributed_Mux <= guarded Data1;
second_driver_of_mux : block (Sel2 = '1')
Distributed_Mux <= guarded Data2;
LATCHES and REGISTERS
Sequential elements must be explicitly declared using the type reg_bit
(and must be of kind register
). A sequential element
must be assigned inside a block
statement by a guarded
Rising edge triggered D flip flop :
signal Reg : reg_bit register;
flip_flop : block (ck = '1' and not ck'STABLE)
Reg <= guarded Din;
Level sensitive latch:
signal Reg : reg_bit register;
latch : block (ck = '1')
Lat <= guarded Din;
In both cases, the guard expression must depend only on one signal if the
description is to be processed by the logic synthetizer (boom + boog).
The following operators are only supported: not, and, or, xor, nor, nand,
&, =, /=
They can be applied on all types supported by the subset. Other standard VHDL
operators (+, -, >, <, ...) have not been implemented in the present
Timing information can be specified in behavioural descriptions using after
. However, those delays are currently only used for simulation.
are supported but not used for synthesis and formal
in block statements (for guarded signal assignments) are
not supported for sequential elements (signals of kind register), but
supported for bus elements (signals of kind bus). This is because the VHDL
default disconnection time
is null and this can generate unexpected
behavior for sequential elements.
In selected signal assignment, only uniform delays are supported (the same
in all assignments).
is not supported. All delays are inertial delays.
Only two severity levels are supported in concurrent assert statements:
- print a warning message if the assert condition is not satisfied.
- print an error message if the assert condition is not satisfied. Then,
stop the simulation.
Assert statements are ignored by the logic synthesis tool.
A special feature has been introduced in order to allow "don't care"
specification when the logic synthtizer is targeted ( Beware : this
feature is incompatible with the IEEE VHDL standard !!
An output can be assigned to the value 'D' (don't care). This is taken into
account by the logic synthesis tool in the optimization process. When the
value of an output is 'D' the logic synthesis tool may turn it into a '1' or a
A 'D' value is understood as a '0' by the logic simulator (asimut).
Arraies other than bit_vector, reg_vector, mux_vector and wor_vector are not
Here is the description of an adder with an accumulator register.
entity add_accu is
clk : in bit;
command : in bit;
data_in : in bit_vector (31 downto 0);
data_out : out bit_vector (31 downto 0);
cry_out : out bit;
vdd : in bit;
vss : in bit
architecture data_flow of add_accu is
signal eff_data : bit_vector (31 downto 0); -- effective operande
signal adder_out : bit_vector (31 downto 0); -- adder's result
signal adder_cry : bit_vector (32 downto 0); -- adder's carry
signal accum_reg : reg_vector (31 downto 0) register; -- accumulator
constant initialize : bit := '0';
constant accumulate : bit := '1';
-- select the effective operand
with command select
eff_data <= X"0000_0000" when initialize,
accum_reg when accumulate;
-- compute the result out of the adder
adder_out <= eff_data xor data_in xor adder_cry;
adder_cry (0) <= '0';
adder_cry (32 downto 1) <= (eff_data and adder_cry (31 downto 0)) or
(data_in and adder_cry (31 downto 0)) or
(aff_data and data_in ) ;
-- write the result into the register on the rising edge of clk
write : block (clk = '1' and not clk'STABLE)
accum_reg <= guarded adder_out;
-- assign outputs
cry_out <= adder_cry (32);
data_out <= accum_reg ;
-- check power supply
assert (vdd = '1' and vss = '0')
report "power sypply is missing"
vhdl(5), vst(5), boom(1), loon(1), boog(1), asimut(1), proof(1)
See the file man1/alc_bug_report.1.