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lightning-getroute - Command for routing a payment (low-level)

getroute id msatoshi riskfactor [cltv] [fromid] [fuzzpercent] [exclude] [maxhops]

The getroute RPC command attempts to find the best route for the payment of msatoshi to lightning node id, such that the payment will arrive at id with cltv-blocks to spare (default 9).

msatoshi is in millisatoshi precision; it can be a whole number, or a whole number ending in msat or sat, or a number with three decimal places ending in sat, or a number with 1 to 11 decimal places ending in btc.

There are two considerations for how good a route is: how low the fees are, and how long your payment will get stuck in a delayed output if a node goes down during the process. The riskfactor non-negative floating-point field controls this tradeoff; it is the annual cost of your funds being stuck (as a percentage).

For example, if you thought the convenience of keeping your funds liquid (not stuck) was worth 20% per annum interest, riskfactor would be 20.

If you didn't care about risk, riskfactor would be zero.

fromid is the node to start the route from: default is this node.

The fuzzpercent is a non-negative floating-point number, representing a percentage of the actual fee. The fuzzpercent is used to distort computed fees along each channel, to provide some randomization to the route generated. 0.0 means the exact fee of that channel is used, while 100.0 means the fee used might be from 0 to twice the actual fee. The default is 5.0, or up to 5% fee distortion.

exclude is a JSON array of short-channel-id/direction (e.g. [ "564334x877x1/0", "564195x1292x0/1" ]) or node-id which should be excluded from consideration for routing. The default is not to exclude any channels or nodes. Note if the source or destination is excluded, the command result is undefined.

maxhops is the maximum number of channels to return; default is 20.

The risk factor is treated as if it were an additional fee on the route, for the purposes of comparing routes.

The formula used is the following approximation:

risk-fee = amount x blocks-timeout x per-block-cost

We are given a riskfactor expressed as a percentage. There are 52596 blocks per year, thus per-block-cost is riskfactor divided by 5,259,600.

The final result is:

risk-fee = amount x blocks-timeout x riskfactor / 5259600

Here are the risk fees in millisatoshis, using various parameters. I assume a channel charges the default of 1000 millisatoshis plus 1 part-per-million. Common to_self_delay values on the network at 14 and 144 blocks.

The default fuzz factor is 5%, so as you can see from the table above, that tends to overwhelm the effect of riskfactor less than about 5.

1 is a conservative value for a stable lightning network with very few failures.

1000 is an aggressive value for trying to minimize timeouts at all costs.

The default for lightning-pay(7) is 10, which starts to become a major factor for larger amounts, and is basically ignored for tiny ones.

On success, an object containing route is returned. It is an array of objects, where each object contains:

id (pubkey): The node at the end of this hop
channel (short_channel_id): The channel joining these nodes
direction (u32): 0 if this channel is traversed from lesser to greater id, otherwise 1
amount_msat (msat): The amount expected by the node at the end of this hop
delay (u32): The total CLTV expected by the node at the end of this hop
style (string): The features understood by the destination node (one of "legacy", "tlv")

The final id will be the destination id given in the input. The difference between the first msatoshi minus the msatoshi given in the input is the fee (assuming the first hop is free). The first delay is the very worst case timeout for the payment failure, in blocks.

Rusty Russell <> is mainly responsible.

lightning-pay(7), lightning-sendpay(7).

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