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MS(7) FreeBSD Miscellaneous Information Manual MS(7)

ms - macros for formatting manuscripts

nroff -ms [ options ] file ...
troff -ms [ options ] file ...

This package of nroff and troff(1) macro definitions provides a canned formatting facility for tech%nical papers in various formats.
The macro requests are defined below. Many nroff and troff requests are unsafe in conjunction with this package, but the following requests may be used with impunity after the first .PP:
Output of the eqn(1), tbl(1), pic(1) and grap(1) preprocessors for equations, tables, pictures, and graphs is acceptable as input.


M. E. Lesk, ``Typing Documents on the UNIX System: Using the -ms Macros with Troff and Nroff'', Unix Research System Programmer's Manual, Tenth Edition, Volume 2.
eqn(1), troff(1), tbl(1), pic(1)


Request Initial Cause Explanation Value Break

.1C yes yes One column format on a new page. .2C no yes Two column format. .AB no yes Begin abstract. .AE - yes End abstract. .AI no yes Author's institution follows. Suppressed in .TM. .AT no yes Print `Attached' and turn off line filling. .AU x y no yes Author's name follows. x is location and y is extension, ignored except in TM. .B x y no no Print x in boldface, append y; if no argument switch to boldface. .B1 no yes Begin text to be enclosed in a box. .B2 no yes End boxed text. .BI x y no no Print x in bold italic and append y; if no argument switch to bold italic. .BT date no Bottom title, automatically invoked at foot of page. May be redefined. .BX x no no Print x in a box. .CW x y no no Constant width font for x, append y; if no argument switch to constant width. .CT no yes Print `Copies to' and turn off line filling. .DA x nroff no `Date line' at bottom of page is x. Default is today. .DE - yes End displayed text. Implies .KE. .DS x no yes Start of displayed text, to appear verbatim line-by-line: indented (default), left-justified, centered, (block) centered with straight left margin. Implies .KS. .EG no - Print document in BTL format for `Engineer's Notes.' Must be first. .EN - yes Space after equation produced by neqn or eqn(1). .EQ x y - yes Display equation. Equation number is y. Optional x is I, L, C as in .DS. .FE - yes End footnote. .FP x - no Set font positions for a family, e.g., .FS no no Start footnote. The note will be moved to the bottom of the page. .HO - no `Bell Laboratories, Holmdel, New Jersey 07733'. .I x y no no Italicize x, append y; if no argument switch to italic. .IH no no `Bell Laboratories, Naperville, Illinois 60540' .IM no no Print document in BTL format for an internal memorandum. Must be first. .IP x y no yes Start indented paragraph, with hanging tag x. Indentation is y ens (default 5). .KE - yes End keep. Put kept text on next page if not enough room. .KF no yes Start floating keep. If the kept text must be moved to the next page, float later text back to this page. .KS no yes Start keeping following text. .LG no no Make letters larger. .LP yes yes Start left-blocked paragraph. .LT no yes Start a letter; a non-empty first argument produces a full Lucent letterhead, a second argument is a room number, a third argument is a telephone number. .MF - - Print document in BTL format for `Memorandum for File.' Must be first. .MH - no `Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, New Jersey 07974'. .MR - - Print document in BTL format for `Memorandum for Record.' Must be first. .ND date troff no Use date supplied (if any) only in special BTL format positions; omit from page footer. .NH n - yes Same as .SH, with automatic section numbers like `1.2.3'; n is subsection level (default 1). .NL yes no Make letters normal size. .P1 - yes Begin program display in constant width font. .P2 - yes End program display. .PE - yes End picture; see pic(1). .PF - yes End picture; restore vertical position. .PP no yes Begin paragraph. First line indented. .PS h w - yes Start picture; height and width in inches. .PY - no `Bell Laboratories, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854' .QE - yes End quoted material. .QP - yes Begin quoted paragraph (indent both margins). .QS - yes Begin quoted material (indent both margins). .R yes no Roman text follows. .RE - yes End relative indent level. .RP no - Cover sheet and first page for released paper. Must precede other requests. .RS - yes Start level of relative indentation from which subsequent indentation is measured. .SG x no yes Insert signature(s) of author(s), ignored except in .TM and .LT. x is the reference line (initials of author and typist). .SH - yes Section head follows, font automatically bold. .SM no no Make letters smaller. .TA  x... 5... no Set tabs in ens. Default is 5 10 15 ... .TE - yes End table; see tbl(1). .TH - yes End heading section of table. .TL no yes Title follows. .TM  x... no - Print document in BTL technical memorandum format. Arguments are TM number, (quoted list of) case number(s), and file number. Must precede other requests. .TR x - - Print in BTL technical report format; report number is x. Must be first. .TS x - yes Begin table; if x is H table heading is repeated on new pages. .UL x - no Underline argument (even in troff). .UX  y z - no `zUNIXy'; first use gives registered trademark notice. .WH - no `Bell Laboratories, Whippany, New Jersey 07981'.

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