Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Contact Us
Online Help
Domain Status
Man Pages

Virtual Servers

Topology Map

Server Agreement
Year 2038

USA Flag



Man Pages
VCHANGER(8) vchanger Manual VCHANGER(8)

vchanger - Virtual disk-based autochanger for Bacula network backup system

vchanger [Options] config command [slot] [device] [drive]
vchanger [Options] config CREATEVOLS mag_ndx count [start]
vchanger [Options] config LISTMAGS
vchanger [Options] config REFRESH

The vchanger(8) utility is used to emulate and control a virtual autochanger within the Bacula network backup system environment. Backup volumes stored on multiple disk filesystems are mapped to a single set of virtual slots, allowing an unlimited number of virtual drives for concurrent backup jobs and easy, unlimited scaling to any size by simply adding additional disks/filesystems,
Vchanger is primarily deigned for use with removable disk drives. Its ability to interact with Bacula and determine removable drive mount points through udev allow for plug-n-play operation when attaching and detaching removable disk drives.
The first argument, config, is required amd specifies the path to the vchanger.conf(5) configuration file of the autochanger to be commanded.
The second argument, command, is the Bacula Autochanger Interface command to perform.
The third argument, slot, is required for the LOAD, LOADED, and UNLOAD commands and gives the slot number of the volume to act upon.
The fourth argument, device, is required for the LOAD, LOADED, and UNLOAD commands. It normally specifies the device node of a tape drive for tape autochangers. For vcahnger, it is only required as a place holder, and its value is ignored.
The fifth argument, drive, is required for the LOAD, LOADED, and UNLOAD commands and gives the zero-based drive number to act upon.
Vchanger implements the commands defined by the Bacula Autochanger Interface specification. The following commands are supported.
List slots, one line each, in the format slot:label.
LOAD slot device drive
Load the volume in slot slot into drive drive.
LOADED slot device drive
Print the slot number currently loaded into drive drive, or print 0 if the drive is unloaded.
Print the number of slots.
UNLOAD slot device drive
Unload the volume currently loaded in drive drive.
Vchanger also implements the following undocumented comands
List drive status followed by slot status, one line for each drive or slot, in the format type:number:status:label, where type is D for a drive or S for a slot, number is the drive or slot number, status is E for empty or F for full, and label is the volume label (barcode).
Additionally, the following extended commands are supported.
CREATEVOLS mag_ndx count [start]
Create count volume files on the magazine indexed by mag_ndx. Magazines are directories and/or filesystems that have been defined in the vchanger(5) configuration file given by config. The magazine index is based on the order in which the Magazine directives appear in the configuration file, where index zero is the first occurrence. Optionally, start specifies the minimum integer uniqueness number to append to a prefix string when generating filenames for the created volume files. The default is to use a uniqueness number greater than highest number currently used for any volume file on the selected magazine.
List the status of all assigned magazines (directories and filesystems), one per line, in the format mag:count:start:mnt, where mag is zero-based index of the magazines specified in configuration file config, count is the number of volume files on that magazine, start is the virtual slot number of the beginning of the range of slots mapped to the magazine’s volume files, and mnt is the magazine’s directory/mountpoint if mounted, or blank if not currently mounted.
Refresh state information for the autochanger defined by the configuration file config, issuing an update slots command to Bacula if required.
Bacula Interaction
By default, vcahgner will invoke bconsole and issue commands to Bacula when certain operator actions are needed. When anything happens that changes the current set of volume files being used, vchanger will invoke bconsole and issue an update slots command. For example, when the operator attaches a removable drive defined as one of the changer’s magazines, the volume files on the removable drive must be mapped to virtual slots. Since the volume-to-slot mapping will have changed, Bacula will need to be informed of the change via the update slots command. The REFRESH command can be invoked to force vchanger to update state info and trigger update slots if needed.
Additionally, when new volumes are created with the CREATEVOLS command, vchanger will invoke bconsole and issue a label barcodes command to write volume labels on the newly created volume files.

-u, --user=uid
Override the default user to run as when invoked by root. The default is normally specified in the configuration file given by config.
-g, --group=gid
Override the default group to run as when invoked by root. The default is normally specified in the configuration file given by config.
Overrides the name of the pool into which volumes created by the CREATEVOLS command will be placed when vchanger is configured to label new volumes by sending Bacula a label barcodes command. The default is given by the Default Pool setting in the configuration file.
-l, --label=prefix
Overrides the default volume label prefix when generating names for new volume files created by the CREATEVOLS command. The default is name_ndx, where name is the autochanger name and ndx is the magazine index.
Displays command help for the vchanger command.
Displays vchanger version information.

See the vchangerHowto.html file included in the doc directory of the source distribution for more detailed documentation.


Copyright 2006-2015 Josh Fisher
This is free software; See the source for copying conditions. There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

Josh Fisher <>
06/03/2015 vchanger 1.0.1

Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 8 |  Main Index

Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with ManDoc.