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CHKPRINTCAP(8) FreeBSD System Manager's Manual CHKPRINTCAP(8)

check validity of entries in the print spooler database

chkprintcap [
] [
-f printcap

The chkprintcap utility scans a printcap(5) database (named by the printcap argument, or by default /etc/printcap), looking for entries which are invalid in one way or another. The following checks are currently implemented:
  1. tc=’ references were properly expanded
  2. tc=’ references did not form a loop
  3. No two printers share the same spool directory (‘sd=’ capability).
The chkprintcap utility exits with a status equal to the number of errors encountered before processing stopped. (In some cases, processing can stop before the entire file is scanned.)
If the -d flag is given, chkprintcap will attempt to create any missing spool directories, giving them ‘u=rwx,go=rx’ (0755) mode, group ‘daemon’, and the owner specified by the ‘du=’ capability in the database (default 1, which corresponds to user ‘daemon’).

lpr(1), printcap(5), lpd(8)

The chkprintcap utility was written by Garrett A. Wollman <>.

Not enough sanity-checking is done. At a minimum, the ownership and mode of the spool directories should also be checked. Other parameters whose value could cause lpd(8) to fail should be diagnosed.
November 30, 1997 FreeBSD 12.0-RELEASE

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