- NSD remote server control
] [-s server
performs remote administration on the nsd
server. It reads the configuration file, contacts the nsd server over SSL,
sends the command and displays the result.
The available options are:
- Show the version and commandline option help.
- -c cfgfile
- The config file to read with settings. If not given the default config
file /usr/local/etc/nsd/nsd.conf is used.
- -s server[@port]
- IPv4 or IPv6 address of the server to contact. If not given, the address
is read from the config file.
There are several commands that the server understands.
- Start the server. Simply execs nsd(8). The nsd executable is
searched for in the PATH set in the environment. It is started with
the config file specified using -c or the default config file.
- Stop the server. The server daemon exits.
- reload [<zone>]
- Reload zonefiles and reopen logfile. Without argument reads changed
zonefiles. With argument reads the zonefile for the given zone and loads
- Reload nsd.conf and apply changes to TSIG keys and configuration patterns,
and apply the changes to add and remove zones that are mentioned in the
config. Other changes are not applied, such as listening ip address and
port and chroot, also per-zone statistics are not applied. The pattern
updates means that the configuration options for zones (request-xfr,
zonefile, notify, ...) are updated. Also new patterns are available for
use with the addzone command.
- Same as the reconfig option.
- Reopen the logfile, for log rotate that wants to move the logfile away and
create a new logfile. The log can also be reopened with kill -HUP (which
also reloads all zonefiles).
- Display server status. Exit code 3 if not running (the connection to the
port is refused), 1 on error, 0 if running.
- Output a sequence of name=value lines with statistics information,
requires NSD to be compiled with this option enabled.
- Same as stats, but does not zero the counters.
- addzone <zone name> <pattern name>
- Add a new zone to the running server. The zone is added to the zonelist
file on disk, so it stays after a restart. The pattern name determines the
options for the new zone. For slave zones a zone transfer is immediately
attempted. For zones with a zonefile, the zone file is attempted to be
- delzone <zone name>
- Remove the zone from the running server. The zone is removed from the
zonelist file on disk, from the nsd.db file and from the memory. If it had
a zonefile, this remains (but may be outdated). Zones configured inside
nsd.conf itself cannot be removed this way because the daemon does not
write to the nsd.conf file, you need to add such zones to the zonelist
file to be able to delete them with the delzone command.
- changezone <zone name> <pattern name>
- Change a zone to use the pattern for options. The zone is deleted and
added in one operation, changing it to use the new pattern for the zone
options. Zones configured in nsd.conf cannot be changed like this, instead
edit the nsd.conf (or the included file in nsd.conf) and reconfig.
- Add zones read from stdin of nsd-control. Input is read per line, with
name space patternname on a line. For bulk additions.
- Remove zones read from stdin of nsd-control. Input is one name per line.
For bulk removals.
- write [<zone>]
- Write zonefiles to disk, or the given zonefile to disk. Zones that have
changed (via AXFR or IXFR) are written, or if the zonefile has not been
created yet then it is created. Directory components of the zonefile path
are created if necessary.
- notify [<zone>]
- Send NOTIFY messages to slave servers. Sends to the IP addresses
configured in the 'notify:' lists for the master zones hosted on this
server. Usually NSD sends NOTIFY messages right away when a master zone
serial is updated. If a zone is given, notifies are sent for that zone.
These slave servers are supposed to initiate a zone transfer request later
(to this server or another master), this can be allowed via the
'provide-xfr:' acl list configuration.
- transfer [<zone>]
- Attempt to update slave zones that are hosted on this server by contacting
the masters. The masters are configured via 'request-xfr:' lists. If a
zone is given, that zone is updated. Usually NSD receives a NOTIFY from
the masters (configured via 'allow-notify:' acl list) that a new zone
serial has to be transferred. For zones with no content, NSD may have
backed off from asking often because the masters did not respond, but this
command will reset the backoff to its initial timeout, for frequent
- force_transfer [<zone>]
- Force update slave zones that are hosted on this server. Even if the
master hosts the same serial number of the zone, a full AXFR is performed
to fetch it. If you want to use IXFR and check that the serial number
increases, use the 'transfer' command.
- zonestatus [<zone>]
- Print state of the zone, the serial numbers and since when they have been
acquired. Also prints the notify action (to which server), and zone
transfer (and from which master) if there is activity right now. The state
of the zone is printed as: 'master' (master zones), 'ok' (slave zone is
up-to-date), 'expired' (slave zone has expired), 'refreshing' (slave zone
has transfers active). The serial numbers printed are the 'served-serial'
(currently active), the 'commit-serial' (is in reload), the
'notified-serial' (got notify, busy fetching the data). The serial numbers
are only printed if such a serial number is available.
- Prints the PID of the server process. This is used for statistics (and
only works when NSD is compiled with statistics enabled). This pid is not
for sending unix signals, use the pid from nsd.pid for that, that pid is
- verbosity <number>
- Change logging verbosity.
The nsd-control program exits with status code 1 on error, 0 on success.
The setup requires a self-signed certificate and private keys for both the
server and client. The script nsd-control-setup
generates these in the
default run directory, or with -d in another directory. If you change the
access control permissions on the key files you can decide who can use
nsd-control, by default owner and group but not all users. The script
preserves private keys present in the directory. After running the script as
root, turn on control-enable
command shows a number of statistic counters.
- number of queries received (the tcp and udp queries added up).
- number of queries handled by the server process. The number of server
processes is set with the config statement server-count.
- uptime in seconds since the server was started. With fractional
- time since the last stats report, in seconds. With fractional seconds. Can
be zero if polled quickly and the previous stats command resets the
counters, so that the next gets a fully zero, and zero elapsed time,
- size of nsd.db on disk, in bytes.
- size of the DNS database in memory, in bytes.
- size of memory for zone transfers and notifies in xfrd process, excludes
TSIG data, in bytes.
- size of zonelist file on disk, excludes the nsd.conf size, in bytes.
- size of config data in memory, kept twice in server and xfrd process, in
- number of queries with this query type.
- number of queries with this opcode.
- number of queries with this query class.
- number of answers that carried this return code.
- number of queries with EDNS OPT.
- number of queries which failed EDNS parse.
- number of queries over UDP ip4.
- number of queries over UDP ip6.
- number of connections over TCP ip4.
- number of connections over TCP ip6.
- number of answers with NOERROR rcode and without AA flag, this includes
- number of queries for which the receive failed.
- number of answers for which the transmit failed.
- number of AXFR requests from clients (that got served with reply).
- number of answers with TC flag set.
- number of queries that were dropped because they failed sanity check.
- number of master zones served. These are zones with no 'request-xfr:'
- number of slave zones served. These are zones with 'request-xfr'
- nsd configuration file.
- directory with private keys (nsd_server.key and nsd_control.key) and
self-signed certificates (nsd_server.pem and nsd_control.pem).
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