oidentd - TCP/IP IDENT protocol server
[ -dehiImoqSv ]
[ -a <host> ]
[ -c <charset> ]
[ -C <config file> ]
[ -f <port> ]
[ -p <port> ]
[ -P <host> ]
[ -o or --other=[<OS string>] ]
[ -t or --timeout=<seconds> ]
[ -g or --group=<group|GID> ]
[ -l or --limit=<number>]
[ -r or --reply=<string> ]
[ -u or --user=<username|UID> ]
is a server that implements the TCP/IP standard IDENT user
identification protocol as specified in the RFC 1413 document.
operates by looking up specific TCP connections and returning the
user name of the process owning the connection.
- -a or --address=<address|hostname>
- Listen for connections on the specified address, this option can be
specified multiple times. The default is to listen for connections on all
configured IP addresses.
- -c or --charset=<charset>
- Use the specified alternate charset.
- -C or --config=<config file>
- Use the specified file as the configuration file. The default location of
the configuration file is /usr/local/etc/oidentd.conf.
- -d or --debug
- Enable debugging. This causes debugging messages to be printed via syslog.
This option can be useful when trying to track down the cause of failed
- -e or --error
- Return "UNKNOWN-ERROR" for all errors, so as not to divulge any
unnecessary information to remote clients.
- -f or --forward=[<port>]
- When IP masquerading support is enabled, forward requests for machines
that masquerade through us to those machines on the specified port. If a
port is not given, oidentd will use the default port for the ident service
("auth" or port 113). If the forwarded request fails,
oidentd will fall back to reading the
/usr/local/etc/oidentd_masq.conf file. In order for forwarding to
work, the machine to which the connection is forwarded must also be
running oidentd, and oidentd must be run with the -P switch specifying the
host that is forwarding the connections. If the ident daemon on the host
to which the connection is forwarded is capable of returning a fixed
string for any lookup (for example, the ident server built in to the mIRC
windows IRC client), it is not necessary to run oidentd on that host.
- -g or --group=<group|GID>
- Run with specified GID or group.
- -i or --foreground
- Run interactively, not as a daemon. This is useful when debugging, or when
running from a service manager such as daemontools.
- -I or --stdio
- Service only a single client request then exit. The client is expected to
be already connected via stdin and stdout. This mode is useful when
running from listener utilities such as inetd(8), xinetd(8)
or tcpserver(8). This option implies -i (run in foreground)
- -l or --limit=<number>
- Allow, at most, the specified number of open connections at once.
- -m or --masq
- Enable support for ident queries for masqueraded/NAT connections. See
oidentd_masq.conf(5) for details on configuring support for
- -o or --other=[<string>]
- The string specified will be returned as the OS string by default for all
successful ident lookups. If no argument is given, "OTHER" will
be returned instead of the name of the operating system. Some requests may
be interpreted as having failed by the client side (with ident in general,
not just with oidentd), when some other string is returned instead
of the actual name of the operating system.
- -p or --port=<port>
- Listen on the specified port.
- -P or --proxy=<host>
- The specified host acts as a proxy, forwarding connections to us. This
option must be enabled when connections on the machine on which oidentd is
running are masqueraded through another host and the host through which
the connections are masqueraded forwards requests to us.
- -q or --quiet
- Quiet mode; do not log any status messages to syslog.
- -S or --nosyslog
- Log any status messages to stderr, not syslog. This is useful for
debugging or integration with external loggers such as multilog(8).
- -t or --timeout=<seconds>
- Sets the number of seconds to wait for input from a client before closing
- -u or --user=<user|UID>
- Run with specified username or UID.
- -U or --udb
- Perform lookups in the UDB shared memory tables, both for connections
originating on the local host and for masqueraded connections. When a
match is found, it will be used instead of the values supplied by the
operating system, for either masqueraded entries (with the -m flag) or
normal TCP connections. Entries in the table which don't match any local
user will be returned verbatim. This allows oidentd to cooperate with
other programs (e.g. RADIUS servers or proxies) to give valid replies for
- -r or --reply=<string>
- Upon a failed lookup, the specified string will be returned to the client
as if the lookup had succeeded.
- -v or --version
- Display version information and exit.
- -h or --help
- Display options and exit.
- The system-wide configuration file.
- The NAT/IP masquerading mappings.
- Per-user configuration file.
Ryan McCabe <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Solaris lacks IPv6 support and NAT support.