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Man Pages
VM_PAGE_BUSY(9) FreeBSD Kernel Developer's Manual VM_PAGE_BUSY(9)

vm_page_busied, vm_page_busy_downgrade, vm_page_busy_sleep, vm_page_sbusied, vm_page_sbusy, vm_page_sleep_if_busy, vm_page_sunbusy, vm_page_trysbusy, vm_page_tryxbusy, vm_page_xbusied, vm_page_xbusy, vm_page_xunbusy, vm_page_assert_sbusied, vm_page_assert_unbusied, vm_page_assert_xbusied
protect page identity changes and page content references

#include <sys/param.h>
#include <vm/vm.h>
#include <vm/vm_page.h>
int
vm_page_busied(vm_page_t m);
void
vm_page_busy_downgrade(vm_page_t m);
void
vm_page_busy_sleep(vm_page_t m, const char *msg);
int
vm_page_sbusied(vm_page_t m);
void
vm_page_sbusy(vm_page_t m);
int
vm_page_sleep_if_busy(vm_page_t m, const char *msg);
void
vm_page_sunbusy(vm_page_t m);
int
vm_page_trysbusy(vm_page_t m);
int
vm_page_tryxbusy(vm_page_t m);
int
vm_page_xbusied(vm_page_t m);
void
vm_page_xbusy(vm_page_t m);
void
vm_page_xunbusy(vm_page_t m);

options INVARIANTS
options INVARIANT_SUPPORT
void
vm_page_assert_sbusied(vm_page_t m);
void
vm_page_assert_unbusied(vm_page_t m);
void
vm_page_assert_xbusied(vm_page_t m);

Page identity is usually protected by higher level locks like vm_object locks and vm page locks. However, sometimes it is not possible to hold such locks for the time necessary to complete the identity change. In such case the page can be exclusively busied by a thread which needs to own the identity for a certain amount of time.
In other situations, threads do not need to change the identity of the page but they want to prevent other threads from changing the identity themselves. For example, when a thread wants to access or update page contents without a lock held the page is shared busied.
Before busying a page the vm_object lock must be held. The same rule applies when a page is unbusied. This makes the vm_object lock a real busy interlock.
The vm_page_busied() function returns non-zero if the current thread busied m in either exclusive or shared mode. Returns zero otherwise.
The vm_page_busy_downgrade() function must be used to downgrade m from an exclusive busy state to a shared busy state.
The vm_page_busy_sleep() function puts the invoking thread to sleep using the appropriate waitchannels for the busy mechanism. The parameter msg is a string describing the sleep condition for userland tools.
The vm_page_busied() function returns non-zero if the current thread busied m in shared mode. Returns zero otherwise.
The vm_page_sbusy() function shared busies m.
The vm_page_sleep_if_busy() function puts the invoking thread to sleep, using the appropriate waitchannels for the busy mechanism, if m. is busied in either exclusive or shared mode. If the invoking thread slept a non-zero value is returned, otherwise 0 is returned. The parameter msg is a string describing the sleep condition for userland tools.
The vm_page_sunbusy() function shared unbusies m.
The vm_page_trysbusy() attempts to shared busy m. If the operation cannot immediately succeed vm_page_trysbusy() returns 0, otherwise a non-zero value is returned.
The vm_page_tryxbusy() attempts to exclusive busy m. If the operation cannot immediately succeed vm_page_tryxbusy() returns 0, otherwise a non-zero value is returned.
The vm_page_xbusied() function returns non-zero if the current thread busied m in exclusive mode. Returns zero otherwise.
The vm_page_xbusy() function exclusive busies m.
The vm_page_xunbusy() function exclusive unbusies m. Assertions on the busy state allow kernels compiled with options INVARIANTS and options INVARIANT_SUPPORT to panic if they are not respected.
The vm_page_assert_sbusied() function panics if m is not shared busied.
The vm_page_assert_unbusied() function panics if m is not unbusied.
The vm_page_assert_xbusied() function panics if m is not exclusive busied.

vm_page_aflag(9), vm_page_alloc(9), vm_page_deactivate(9), vm_page_free(9), vm_page_grab(9), vm_page_insert(9), vm_page_lookup(9), vm_page_rename(9), VOP_GETPAGES(9)
August 7, 2013 FreeBSD 12.0-RELEASE

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