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critcl::enum(n) C Runtime In Tcl (CriTcl) critcl::enum(n)

critcl::enum - CriTcl Utilities: String/Integer mapping

package require Tcl 8.4
package require critcl ?3.1.11?
package require critcl::enum ?1.0.1?
::critcl::enum::def name definition


Welcome to the C Runtime In Tcl, CriTcl for short, a system to build C extension packages for Tcl on the fly, from C code embedded within Tcl scripts, for all who wish to make their code go faster.
This document is the reference manpage for the critcl::enum package. This package provides convenience commands for advanced functionality built on top of both critcl core and package critcl::literals.
It is an extended form of string pool which not only converts integer values into Tcl-level strings, but also handles the reverse direction, converting from strings to the associated integer values.
It essentially provides a bi-directional mapping between a C enumeration type and a set of strings, one per enumeration value. Note that the C enumeration in question is created by the definition. It is not possible to use the symbols of an existing enumeration type.
This package was written to make the declaration and management of such mappings easy. It uses a string pool for one of the directions, using its ability to return shared literals and conserve memory.
Its intended audience are mainly developers wishing to write Tcl packages with embedded C code.
This package resides in the Core Package Layer of CriTcl.
|Applications    |
| critcl         |
| critcl::app    |
*================* |Core Packages | | critcl | | critcl::util | *================*
+----------------+ |Support Packages| | stubs::* | | md5, platform | | ... | +----------------+

::critcl::enum::def name definition
This command defines two C functions for the conversion between C values and Tcl_Obj'ects, with named derived from name.
The definition dictionary provides the mapping from the specified C-level symbolic names to the strings themselves.
The package generates multiple things (declarations and definitions) with names derived from name, which has to be a proper C identifier.
The C enumeration type containing the specified symbolic names.
The function converting from integer value to Tcl string. Its signature is
Tcl_Obj* name_ToObj (Tcl_Interp* interp, name_names literal);
The function converting from Tcl string to integer value. Its signature is
int name_GetFromObj (Tcl_Interp* interp, Tcl_Obj* obj, int flags, int* literal);
The flags are like for Tcl_GetIndexFromObj.
A header file containing the declarations for the converter functions, for use by other parts of the system, if necessary.
The generated file is stored in a place where it will not interfere with the overall system outside of the package, yet also be available for easy inclusion by package files ( csources).
At the level of critcl itself the command registers a new result-type for critcl::cproc, which takes an integer result from the function and converts it to the equivalent string in the pool for the script.
At the level of critcl itself the command registers a new argument-type for critcl::cproc, which takes a Tcl string and converts it to the equivalent integer for delivery to the function.

The example shown below is the specification for a set of actions, methods, and the like, a function may take as argument.
package require Tcl 8.5 package require critcl 3.1.11
critcl::buildrequirement { package require critcl::enum }
critcl::enum::def action { w_create "create" w_directory "directory" w_events "events" w_file "file" w_handler "handler" w_remove "remove" }
# Declarations: action.h # Type: action_names # Accessor: Tcl_Obj* action_ToObj (Tcl_Interp* interp, int literal); # Accessor: int action_GetFromObj (Tcl_Interp* interp, Tcl_Obj* o, int flags, int* literal); # ResultType: action # ArgType: action

Andreas Kupries

This document, and the package it describes, will undoubtedly contain bugs and other problems. Please report such at Please also report any ideas for enhancements you may have for either package and/or documentation.

C code, Embedded C Code, Tcl Interp Association, code generator, compile & run, compiler, conversion, dynamic code generation, dynamic compilation, generate package, int to string mapping, linker, literal pool, on demand compilation, on-the-fly compilation, singleton, string pool, string to int mapping

Glueing/Embedded C code

Copyright (c) 2011-2015 Andreas Kupries
1.0.1 doc

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