Quick Navigator

Search Site

Unix VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Contact Us
Online Help
Domain Status
Man Pages

Virtual Servers

Topology Map

Server Agreement
Year 2038

USA Flag



Man Pages
zip(n) zip(n)
See the file man.macros.

zip - Data compression "zip"

package require Tcl ?8.2?
package require Trf ?2.1.3?
zip ?options...? ?data?

The command zip is one of several data compressions provided by the package trf. See trf-intro for an overview of the whole package.
The command is based on the deflate compression algorithm as specified in RFC 1951 ( and as implemented by the zlib compression library ( See also RFC 1950 (
zip ?options...? ?data?
-mode compress|decompress
This option has to be present and is always understood by the compression.
For immediate mode the argument value specifies the operation to use. For an attached compress it specifies the operation to use for writing. Reading will automatically use the reverse operation. See section IMMEDIATE versus ATTACHED for explanations of these two terms.
Beyond the argument values listed above all unique abbreviations are recognized too.
Compress causes the compression of arbitrary (most likely binary) data. Decompression does the reverse .
-level integer
Specifies the compression level. Is either the string default or an integer number in the range 1 (minimal compression) to 9 (maximal compression).
-nowrap boolean
If set to true the command will not create the zip specific header (See RFC 1950) normally written before the compressed data. The options defaults to false. It has to be used when writing a gzip emulation in Tcl as gzip creates a different header.
-attach channel
The presence/absence of this option determines the main operation mode of the transformation.
If present the transformation will be stacked onto the channel whose handle was given to the option and run in attached mode. More about this in section IMMEDIATE versus ATTACHED.
If the option is absent the transformation is used in immediate mode and the options listed below are recognized. More about this in section IMMEDIATE versus ATTACHED.
-in channel
This options is legal if and only if the transformation is used in immediate mode. It provides the handle of the channel the data to transform has to be read from.
If the transformation is in immediate mode and this option is absent the data to transform is expected as the last argument to the transformation.
-out channel
This options is legal if and only if the transformation is used in immediate mode. It provides the handle of the channel the generated transformation result is written to.
If the transformation is in immediate mode and this option is absent the generated data is returned as the result of the command itself.

The transformation distinguishes between two main ways of using it. These are the immediate and attached operation modes.
For the attached mode the option -attach is used to associate the transformation with an existing channel. During the execution of the command no transformation is performed, instead the channel is changed in such a way, that from then on all data written to or read from it passes through the transformation and is modified by it according to the definition above. This attachment can be revoked by executing the command unstack for the chosen channel. This is the only way to do this at the Tcl level.
In the second mode, which can be detected by the absence of option -attach, the transformation immediately takes data from either its commandline or a channel, transforms it, and returns the result either as result of the command, or writes it into a channel. The mode is named after the immediate nature of its execution.
Where the data is taken from, and delivered to, is governed by the presence and absence of the options -in and -out. It should be noted that this ability to immediately read from and/or write to a channel is an historic artifact which was introduced at the beginning of Trf's life when Tcl version 7.6 was current as this and earlier versions have trouble to deal with \0 characters embedded into either input or output.

bz2, trf-intro, zip

compression, data compression, decompression, rfc 1950, rfc 1951, rfc 1952, zip

Copyright (c) 1996-2003, Andreas Kupries <>
2.1.3 Trf transformer commands

Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section n |  Main Index

Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with ManDoc.